• 최종편집 2024-06-19(수)
 

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    [Leaders Times] Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS)       Invasive infection by Group A strep bacteria can cause STSS when they spread into the body.  
    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the mortality rate for STSS is around 30~70%.  
    Recommend medical care to high-risk groups (adults 65 years old or older, diabetic patients, etc.) if they have possible symptoms, such as fever, rash, hypotension, etc.  
    Infection prevention (washing hands and cough etiquette) is essential. 
 

  High-risk groups: 
   - Adults 65 years old or older  
   - Diabetic patient  
   - Case that injury caused by recent surgery  
   - Viral infection, which can occur in exposed wounds (Varicella) 

   - Alcoholism  

Possible symptoms:  
   - High fever and Rash 
   - Hypotension (Low blood pressure)  
   - Tachypnea (Rapid breathing) and Dyspnea (Shortness of breath)  
   - Muscle aches 
   - Surgical site infections  
   - Edema 
   
  Symptoms, route of infections, and treatments  
 Sign and symptoms:  
   - Early signs and symptoms: mild symptoms, such as sore throat, like influenza (flu) in the early   
   - STSS can develop into high fever, rash, Hypotension, Dyspnea, Necrotizing fasciitis, and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome  
   
  · Route of infection: 
   - Infection through mucous membrane and the part of wound  
   - Coughs and sneezes (respiratory droplets) spread viral infection. 
      

  · Treatment and vaccine: 
   - There are no vaccines for STSS 
   - Quick treatment at a medical facility is necessary when possible symptoms* come out 
    * High fever, Rash, Hypotension, Muscle aches, Surgical site infections, Edema, etc.  
   
 Prevent STSS 
 · Practice cough etiquette 
· Wash hands often  
 · Do not touch your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands 
 · Clean and cover wounds with a clean bandage 
 · See a doctor when possible symptoms occur 
 * (Suspicious symptoms) High fever, Rash, Hypotension, Muscle aches, Surgical site infections, Edema, etc. 
 · Recommendation of vaccination for Varicella and Influenza  
 *  Risk infections of Group A strep bacteria can increase because of infection of Varicella and Influenza 
          
Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS) is not defined as a legal infectious disease in Korea, but a medical facility operates sentinel surveillance through Epidemiological surveillance for patients with scarlet fever and Monitors acute respiratory infections (AirNet)!
  

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Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS): All You Need to Know
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